Below is a list of COVID-19 related academic publications that members of Independent SAGE have contributed to since the start of the pandemic. This list was last updated 27 October 2020.

Clinical characteristics and management

Roberts CM, Levi M, McKee M, Schilling R, Lim WS, Grocott M. COVID-19: a complex multi-system disease Br J Anaesthesia 2020: DOI:

Islam N, Khunti K, Chowell-Puente G. COVID-19 and ACEIS or ARBs: Duration of underlying Disease and Treatment. The New England Journal of Medicine. In press

Rubino F, Amiel SA, Zimmet P, Alberti G, Bornstein S, Eckel RH, Mingrone G, Boehm B, Cooper ME, Chai Z, Del Prato S, Ji L, Hopkins D, Herman WH, Khunti K, Mbanya JC, Renard E. New-Onset Diabetes in Covid-19. New England Journal of Medicine 2020 Aug.383 (8):789-790. DOI: 10.1056/NEJMc2018688. [Epub 2020 Jun 12]. PMID: 32530585

Khunti K, Levene S, Seidu S, Greenhalgh T. How might primary care ensure that effective planned care for long term conditions is maintained during and post the COVID-19 pandemic? Challenges and opportunities. The BMJ – In press

Jackson T, Deibert D, Wyatt G, Durand-Moreau Q, Adisesh A, Khunti K, Khunti S, Smith S, Chan XHS, Ross L, Roberts N, Toomey E, Greenhalgh T, Arora I, Black SM, Drake J, Syam N, Temple R, Straube S. Classification of aerosol- generating procedures: a rapid systematic review. BMJ Open Respiratory Research 2020 Oct.7 (1):e000730. Doi: 10.1136/bmjresp-2020-000730.PMID: 33040021

Levene LS, Seidu S, Greenhalgh T, Khunti K. Pandemic threatens primary care for long term condition. BMJ 2020 Oct 5; 371:m3793. Doi:10.1136/bmj.m3793.PMID:33020049

Reeves K, Watson S, Pankhurst T, Khunti K, Gallier S, Skrybant M, Chilton PJ, Lilford RJ. No Evidence for Reduced Hospital Admissions or Increased Deaths from Stroke or Heart Attack during Covid 19. MedRxiv preprint. Doi: 10.1101/2020.06.08.20119636.

Khunti K, Straube S, Adisesh A, Chan XHS, Banerjee A, Greenhalgh T. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation in primary and community care during COVID-19 pandemic. British Journal of General Practice 2020 Jul.70 (697):374-375. DOI: 10.3399/bjgp20X711797.

Khunti K, Adisesh A, Burton C, Chan  XHS, Coles B, Durand-Moreau Q, Jackson T, Ross L, Straube S, Toomey E, Greenhalgh S. The efficacy of PPE for COVID-19-type respiratory illnesses in primary and community care staff. British Journal of General Practice 2020 Jul (697):413-416. DOI: 10.3399/bjgp20X710969. PMID: 32661012

Chudasama YV, Gillies CL, Zaccardi F, Coles B, Davies MJ, Seidu S, Khunti K. Impact of COVID-19 on routine care for chronic diseases : A global survey of views from healthcare professionals. Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome 2020 Sep-Oct.14 (5): 965-967. DOI: 10.1016/j.dsx.2020.06.042.

Kumar Singh A, Khunti K. Assessment of risk, severity, mortality, glycemic control and antidiabetic agents in patients with diabetes and COVID-19: A Narrative review. Diabetes Research Clinical Practice 2020 Jul; 11:165:108266. DOI: 10.1016/j.diabres.2020.108266.

 Bornstein SR, Rubino F, Khunti K, Mingrone G, Hopkins D, Birkenfeld AL, Boehm B, Amiel S, Holt RI, Skyler JS, DeVries JH, Renard E, Eckel RH, Zimmet P, Alberti KG, Vidal J, Geloneze B, Chan JC, Ji L, Ludwig B. Practical recommendations for the management of diabetes in patients with COVID-19. Lancet Diabetes and Endocrinology 2020 Jun.8 (6):546-550. DOI: 10.1016/S2213-8587(20)30152-2.

Ehtasham A, Davies MJ, Khunti K.Rapid Review: Diabetic retinopathy screening during the COVID-19 pandemic. May 12, 2020.

Khunti S, Khunti N, Seidu S, Khunti K. Therapeutic uncertainties in people with cardiometabolic diseases and severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2(SARS-CoV-2 or COVID-19). Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism 2020 April 21.DOI: 10.1111/dom.14062.

Coles B, Burton C, Khunti K, Greenhalgh T, Chan XH, Ross L. What is the effectiveness of protective gowns and aprons against COVID-19 in primary care settings? April 16, 2020.

Hartmann-Boyce, Morriss M, Goyder C, Kinton J, Perring J, Nunan D, Khunti K. Managing diabetes during the COVID-19 pandemic. April 8, 2020.

Khunti K, Greenhalgh T, Chan XH, Durand-Morad Q, Straube S, Devane D, Toomey E, Adisesh A. What is the efficacy of eye protection equipment compared to no eye protection equipment in preventing transmission of COVID-19 type respiratory illnesses in primary and community care? April, 3 2020 .

Holmes EA, O’Connor RC, Perry VH, Tracey I, Wessely S, Arseneault L, Ballard C, Christensen H, Cohen Silver R, Everall I … Michie S et al. (2020) Multidisciplinary research priorities for the COVID-19 pandemic: a call for action for mental health science. Lancet Psychiatry.

Behavioural sciences

Vanoni M, McKee M, Bonell C, Semenza J, Stuckler D. Using volunteered geographic information to assess mobility in the COVID-19 pandemic context: cross-city time series analysis of 41 cities in 22 countries from March 2nd to 26th 2020. Globalization Health 2020 Sep 23;16(1):85.

Jetten, J., Reicher, SD.., Haslam, A., & Cruwys, T. (2020). A social identity analysis of COVID-19. Together apart. The psychology of COVID-19. London: Sage

Van Bavel, J. J., Baicker, K., Boggio, P. S., Capraro, V., Cichocka, A., Cikara, M., … Reicher, S.D. et al. (2020). Using social and behavioural science to support COVID-19 pandemic response. Nature Human Behaviour, 4, 460-471

Reicher, S.D., & Stott, C. (2020). On order and disorder during the COVID‐19 pandemic. British Journal of Social Psychology, 59, 694-702.

Drury, J., Reicher, S.D., & Stott, C. (2020). COVID‐19 in context: Why do people die in emergencies? It’s probably not because of collective psychology. British Journal of Social Psychology, 59, 686-693.

Drury, J. , Reicher, S.D. & Hopkins, N.P. (2020) The psychology of physical distancing. The Psychologist

Reicher, S., & Stott, C. (2020). Policing the Coronavirus Outbreak: Processes and Prospects for Collective Disorder. Policing: A Journal of Policy and Practice.

Reicher, S.D. & Drury, J. (2020) Don’t personalise, Collectivise! The Psychologist.

Reicher, S.D.,  Drury, J. & Stott, C. (2020) The truth about panic. 

Reicher, S.D.., Drury, J., & Stott, C. J. T. (2020). The two psychologies and coronavirus. The Psychologist.

Bonell, C., Michie, S., Reicher, S.D., West, R., Bear, L., Yardley, L., … & Rubin, G. J. (2020). Harnessing behavioural science in public health campaigns to maintain ‘social distancing’in response to the COVID-19 pandemic: key principles. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health.

O’Connor, D. B., Aggleton, J. P., Chakrabarti, B., Cooper, C. L., Creswell, C., Dunsmuir, S., …, Reicher S.D. et al.. (2020). Research priorities for the COVID‐19 pandemic and beyond: A call to action for psychological science. British Journal of Psychology, e12468.

West R, Michie S, Rubin GJ, Amlot R (2020) Applying principles of behaviour change to reduce SARS-CoV-2 transmission. Nature Human Behaviour, 4, 451–459.

Michie S, West R, Rogers B, Bonell C, Rubin GJ, Amlôt R (2020) Reducing SARS-CoV-2 transmission in the UK: a behavioural science approach to identifying options for increasing adherence to social distancing and shielding vulnerable people. British Journal of Health Psychology.

Bonell C, Michie S, Reicher S,  West R, Bear L, Yardley L, Curtis V, Amlôt R,Rubin GJ (2020) Harnessing behavioural science in public health campaigns to maintain ‘social distancing’ in response to the COVID-19 pandemic: key principles Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health.

Allison AL , Ambrose-Dempster E, Domenech R , ….. Michie S  …Ward J (preprint) The environmental dangers of employing single-use face masks as part of a COVID-19 exit strategy. The environmental dangers of employing single-use face masks as part of a COVID-19 exit strategy. UCL Open: Environment.

West R, Michie S, Amlot R, Rubin R (2020) Don’t touch the T-Zone—how to block a key pathway to infection with SARS-CoV-2.BMJ Opinion, April 3rd. 

Yardley L, Amlot R, Rice C, Robin C, Michie S (2020) How can we involve communities in managing the covid-19 pandemic? BMJ Opinion, March 17th.

Michie S, West R, Amlot R, Rubin J. (2020) Slowing down the covid-19 outbreak: changing behaviour by understanding it. BMJ Opinion, March 11th.

Smith LE, Yardley L, Michie S, Rubin J. (2020) Should we wave goodbye to the handshake? BMJ Opinion, March 10th.

Michie S, West R & Amlot R (2020). Behavioural strategies for reducing covid-19 transmission in the general population. BMJ Opinion, March 3rd.

Michie S, Rubin GJ & Amlot R (2020). Behavioural science must be at the heart of the public health response to covid-19. BMJ Opinion, February 28th.

Perski O, Simons D, West R, Michie S. Face masks to prevent community transmission of viral respiratory infections: A rapid evidence review using Bayesian analysis (preprint)

Lazzarino A, Steptoe A, Hamer M, Michie S (2020) Covid-19: Important potential side effects of wearing face masks that we should bear in mind. BMJ Letter, 21st May.

Michie S and West R (2020) Behavioural, environmental, social, and systems interventions against covid-19. BMJ Editorials 2020; 370 doi:

Smith LE, Potts HWW, Amlȏt R, Fear NT, Michie S, Rubin GJ (2020) Adherence to the test, trace and isolate system: results from a time series of 21 nationally representative surveys in the UK (the COVID-19 Rapid Survey of Adherence to Interventions and Responses [CORSAIR] study).  MedRxiv preprint doi:

Occupational, socio-demographic & health risk factors

Agius RM, Robertson JFR, Kendrick D, Sewell HF, Stewart M, McKee M. Covid-19 in the workplace. BMJ 2020; 370: m3577

Martin CA, Patel P, Goss C, Jenkins DR, Price A, Barton L, Gupta P, Zaccardi F, Jerina H, Duraisingham S, Brunskill NJ, Khunti K, Pareek M. Demographic and occupational determinants of the anti-SARS-CoV-2 IgG seropositivity in hospital staff. Journal of Public Health. In Press

Clark A, Jit M, Warren-Gash C, Guthrie B, WangHHX, Mercer SW, Sanderson C, McKee M, Troeger C, Ong KI, Checchi F,Perel P, Joseph S, Gibbs HP, Banerjee A, Eggo RM, CMMID COVID-19 working group. Global, regional, and national estimatesof the population at increased risk of severe COVID-19 due to underlying healthconditions in 2020: a modelling study. Lancet Global Health 2020; 8: E1003-E1017

 Lloyd-Sherlock P, Ebrahim S, Geffen L, McKee M. Bearing the brunt of covid-19: older people in low and middle income countries. BMJ 2020; 368: m1052

Barron E, Bakhai C, Kar P, Weaver A, Bradley D, Ismail H, Knighton P, Holman N, Khunti K, Sattar N, Wareham NJ, Young B, Valabhji J. Association of type 1 and type 2 diabetes with COVID-19 related mortality in England: a whole- population study. The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology 2020 Oct.8 (10):813-832. DOI: 10.1016/S2213-8587(20)30272-2. [Epub 2020 Aug 13]. PMID: 32798472

Holman N, Knighton P, Kar P, O’Keefe J, Curley M, Weaver A, Barron E, Bakhai C, Khunti K, Wareham NJ, Sattar N, Young B, Valabhji J. Risk factors for COVID-19-related mortality in people with type 1 and type 2 diabetes in England: a population-based cohort study. The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology 2020 Oct.8 (10):823-833 DOI: 10.1016/S2213-8587 (20)30271-0.

Farooqi AT, Snoek FJ, Khunti K. Management of chronic cardiometabolic conditions and mental health during COVID-19. Primary care diabetes 2020 Sep. DOI: 10.1016/j.pcd.2020.08.016.

Seidu S, Gillies C, Zaccardi F, Kunutsor SK,Hartmann-Boyce J, Yates T, Singh AK, Davies MJ, Khunti K. The impact of obesity on severe disease and mortality in people with SARS-CoV-2: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Endocrinology, Diabetes and metabolism 2020 Aug. DOI: 10.1002/edm2.176.

Yates T, Razieh C, Zaccardi F, Seidu S, Davies MJ, Khunti K. Obesity, walking pace and risk of severe COVID-19: Analysis of UK Biobank. MedRxiv preprint. Doi: 10.1101/2020.07.10.20150003.July 11 2020.

Razieh C, Zaccardi F, Davies MJ, Khunti K, Yates T. Body mass index and risk of COVID-19 across ethnic groups: analysis of UK Biobank study. Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism 2020 Jun 29. DOI: 10.1111/dom.14125.

Singh AK, Gillies CL, Singh R, Singh A, Chudasama Y, Coles B, Seidu S, Zaccardi F, Davies MJ, Khunti K. Prevalence of comorbidities and their association with mortality in patients with COVID-19: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. Diabetes Obesity & Metabolism 2020 Jun 23. DOI: 10.1111/dom.14124.

Chudasama YV, Gillies CL, Appiah K, Zaccardi F, Razieh C, Davies MJ, Yates T, Khunti K. Multimorbidity and SARS-CoV-2 infection in UK Biobank. Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome 2020 Sep-Oct 14(5):775-776. DOI: 10.1016/j.dsx.2020.06.003.

Yates T, Razieh C, Zaccardi F, Davies MJ, Khunti K. Obesity and Risk of COVID-19: Analysis of UK Biobank. Primary care Diabetes 2020 Oct.14 (5):566-567.DOI: 10.1016/j.pcd.2020.05.011.


Patel P, Hiam L, Sowemimo A, Devakumar D, McKee M. Ethnicity and COVID-19. BMJ 2020; 369: m2282

Hargreaves S, Kumar BN, McKee M, Jones L,Veizis A. Europe’s migrant containment policies threaten the response to covid-19. BMJ 2020; 368: m1213

Highton PJ, Hadjiconstantinou M, Schreder S, Seidu S, Davies M, Khunti K. COVID-19, Ethnicity and Cardiometabolic Disease Self-Management. Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews. In press

Routen A, Darko N, Willis A, Miksza J, Khunti K. “It’s so tough for us now”- Covid-19 has negatively impacted religious practices relating to death amongst black and minority groups. Journal of Public Health. In Press

Ekezie W, Khunti K. The views of ethnic minority and vulnerable communities toward participation in COVID-19 vaccine trials. Journal of Public Health. In Press

Khunti K, Routen A, Banerjee A, Pareek M. The need for improved collection and coding of ethnicity in health research. Journal of Public Health. In Press

Vahe N, Glickman M, Blackwell L, Rogers N, White C, Gaughan C, Humberstone B, Banerjee A, Khunti K, Goldblatt P, Diamond I, Ayoubkhani D. Ethnic minority groups in England and Wales – factors associated with the size and timing of elevated COVID-19 mortality: a retrospective cohort study linking Census and death records. International Journal of Epidemiology. In press

Khunti K, Routen A, Patel K, Ali S, Gill P, Banerjee A, Lad A, Patel V, Hanif W. COVID-19 in Black , Asian and Minority Ethnic populations : An evidence review and recommendations from the SOUTH Asian Health Foundation. ISBN 978-0-9546712-3-5. (Report)

Routen A, Darko N, Willis A, Miksza J, Khunti K. The impact of Covid-19 and lockdown measures on self-reported life satisfaction and social relationships does not differ by ethnicity. Journal of Public Health (Oxf) 2020 Sep 15.fdaa160. Doi: 10.1093/pubmed/fdaa160. [Online ahead of print].PMID: 32930715

Vepa A, Bae JP, Ahmed F, Pareek M, Khunti K. COVID-19 and ethnicity: A novel pathophysiological role for inflammation. Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome 2020 Sep-Oct. 14(5): 1043-1051. DOI: 10.1016/j.dsx.2020.06.056. [Epub 2020 Jun 3]. PMID: 32640416

The OpenSAFELY Collaborative: Mathur R, Rentsch CT, Morton CE, Hulme WJ, Schultze A, MacKenna B, Eggo R, Bhaskaran K, Wong AY, Williamson EJ, Forbes H, Wing K, McDonald HI, Bates C, Bacon S,  Walker AJ, Evans D, Inglesby P, Mehrkar A, Curtis HJ, DeVito NJ, Croker R, Drysdale H,  Cockburn J, Parry, J, Hester F, Harper S, Douglas IJ, Tomlinson L, Evans SJW, Grieve R, Harrison D, Rowan K, Khunti K et al. Ethnic differences in COVID-19 infection, hospitalisation, and mortality: an Open SAFELY analysis of 17 million adults in England. MedRxiv preprint .Doi: 10.1101/2020.09.22.20198754. September 23,2020.

Ekezie W, Czyznikowska B, Campbell-Morris P, Rohit S, Miah N, Harrison J, Hulley K, Khunti K, Akroyd C, Farooqi A. Public Perceptions Towards  Vaccine Trial Research within Ethnic Minority and Vulnerable communities. September 2020.

Islam N, Khunti K, Dambha-Miller H, Kawachi I, Marmot M. COVID-19 mortality: A complex interplay of sex, gender and ethnicity. European Journal of Public Health 2020 Aug. DOI: 10.1093/eurpub/ckaa150. [Epub ahead of print]. PMID: 32745211

Martin CA, Jenkins DR, Minhas JS, Gray LJ, Tang J, Williams C, Sze S, Pan D, Jones   W, Verma R, Knapp S, Major R, Davies M, Brunskill N, Wiselka M, Brightling C, Khunti K, Halder P, Pareek M. Socio-demographic heterogeneity in the prevalence of COVID-19 during lockdown is associated with ethnicity and household size: results from an observational cohort study. Eclinical Medicine 2020 Aug.25:100466 DOI: 10.1016/ j.eclinm.2020.100466.

Hanif S, Hanif W, Khunti K, Ali SN. Covid-19 and Ramadan 2020: time for reflection. The BMJ opinion 2020 July 3.

Khunti K, Platt L, Routen A, Abbasi K. Covid-19 and ethnic minorities: an urgent agenda for overdue action. BMJ 2020 Jun 23; 369:m2503. DOI:10.1136/bmj.m2503. PMID: 32576558

Hanif S,Ali SN, Hassanein M, Khunti K, Hanif W. Managing People with Diabetes Fasting for Ramadan During the COVID-19 Pandemic: A South Asian Health Foundation Update. Diabetic Medicine 2020 Jul.37 (7):1094-1102. DOI: 10.1111/dme.14312.

Treweek S, Forouhi NG, Narayan KMV, Khunti K. COVID-19 and ethnicity: who will research results apply to? The Lancet 2020 Jun 27; 395(10242):1955-1957.DOI: 10.1016/S0140-6736(20)31380-5.

Khunti K, Pareek M. Covid-19 in ethnic minority groups: where do we go following  PHE’s report? The BMJ opinion 2020 June 8.

Pan D, Sze S, Minhas JS, Bangash MN, Pareek N, Divall P, Williams MLC, Oggioni MR,  Squire IB, Nellums LB, Hanif W, Khunti K, Pareek M. The impact of ethnicity on Clinical outcomes in COVID-19: A systematic review. EclinicalMedicine 2020 Jun.3; 23:100404. DOI: 10.1016/j.eclinm.2020.100404.

Razaq A, Harrison D, Karunanithi S, Barr B, Asaria M, Routen A, Khunti K. BAME COVID-19 DEATHS-what do we know? Rapid Data & Evidence Review. May 5 2020.

Pareek M, Bangash MN, Pareek N, Pan D, Sze S, Minhas JS, Hanif W, Khunti K. Ethnicity and COVID-19: An urgent public health research priority.The Lancet 2020 May. 2; 395(10234):1421-1422. DOI: 10.1016/S0140-6736(20)30922-3.

Khunti K, Singh AK, Pareek M, Hanif W. Is ethnicity linked to incidence or outcomes of covid-19? BMJ 2020 Apr.369:m1548. DOI: 10.1136/bmj.m1548. PMID: 32312785

Government responses

McKee M. England’s PPE procurement failures must never happen again. BMJ 2020: 370: m2858

Scally G. The demise of Public Health England. BMJ. 2020 Aug 19;370:m3263. doi: 10.1136/bmj.m3263. PMID: 32816779.

Scally G, Jacobson B, Abbasi K. The UK’s public health response to covid-19. BMJ. 2020 May 15;369:m1932.

Alwan NA, Bhopal R, Burgess RA, Colburn T, Cuevas LE, Smith GD, Egger M, Eldridge S, Gallo V, Gilthorpe MS, Greenhalgh T, Griffiths C, Hunter PR, Jaffar S, Jepson R, Low N, Martineau A, McCoy D, Orcutt M, Pankhania B, Pikhart H, Pollock A, Scally G, Smith J, Sridhar D, Taylor S, Tennant PWG, Themistocleous Y, Wilson A; 36 signatories. Evidence informing the UK’s COVID-19 public health response must be transparent. Lancet. 2020 Mar 28;395(10229):1036-1037.

McKee M. Achieving zero covid is not easy, but the alternative is far worse. BMJ. 2020 Oct 7;371:m3859.

McKee M, Stuckler D. If the world fails to protect the economy, COVID will damage health not just now but also in the future. Nature Med 2020: DOI: 10.1038/s41591-020-0863-y


Kontis V, Bennett JE, Rashid T, Parks RM, Pearson-Stuttard J, Guillot M, Asaria P, Zhou B, Battaglini M, Corsetti G, McKee M, Di Cesare M, Mathers CD, Ezzati M. Magnitude, demographics and dynamics of the impact of the first phase of the Covid-19 pandemic on all-cause mortality in 21 industrialised countries. Nature Med 2020:

Hippisley-Cox J, Clift AK, Coupland C, Keogh R ,Diaz-Ordaz, Williamson E,Harrison EM,Hayward A, Hemingway H,Horby P, Mehta N, Benger J, Khunti K, Speigelhalter D, Sheikh A, Valabhji J, Lyons RA, Robson J, Semple C, Kee F, Johnson P, Jebb S, Williams T, Coggon D. Protocol development and evaluation of a tool for predicting risk of short-term outcomes  due to COVID-19 in the general UK population. MedRxiv preprint .Doi: 10.1101/2020.06.28.20141986. June 29, 2020.

Levene LS, Coles B, Davies MJ, Hanif W, Zaccardi F, Khunti K. COVID-19 cumulative mortality rates for frontline healthcare staff in England. British Journal of General Practice 2020 Jun.70 (696): 327-328.

Banerjee A, Pasea L, Harris S, Gonzalez-Izquierdo A, Torralbo A, Shallcross L, Noursadeghi M, Pillay D, Sebire N, Holmes C, Pagel C, Wong WK, Langenberg C, Williams B, Denaxas S, Hemingway H. Estimating excess 1-year mortality associated with the COVID-19 pandemic according to underlying conditions and age: a population-based cohort study. Lancet. 2020 May 30;395(10238):1715-1725. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(20)30854-0.


Gugushvili A, Koltai J, Stuckler D, McKee M. Votes, populism, and pandemics. Int J Publ Health 2020:

McKee M, Gugushvili A, Koltai J, Stuckler D. Are Populist Leaders Creating the Conditions for the Spread of COVID? Int J Health Pol Management 2020: doi: 10.34172/ijhpm.2020.124

Anderson M, McKee M, Mossialos E. Developing a sustainable exit strategy for COVID-19:  health, economic and public policy implications. J Roy Soc Med 2020; 113(5): 176–178

Forman R, Atun R, McKee M, Mossialos E. 12 Lessons Learned from the Management of the Coronavirus Pandemic. Health Policy 2020;

McKee M. A European roadmap out of theCOVID-19 pandemic. BMJ 2020; 369: m1556

Anderson M, McKee M, Mossialos E. Covid-19 exposes weaknesses in European response to outbreaks. BMJ 2020;368:m1075

Alwan NA, Burgess RA, Ashworth S, Beale R, Bhadelia  N, Bogaert  D, Dowd  J, Eckerle  I, Goldman  LR., Greenhalgh  T, Gurdasani  D, Hamdy  A, Hanage  WP., Hodcroft  EB., Hyde  Z, Kellam  P, Kelly-Irving  M, Krammer  F, Lipsitch  M, McNally  A, McKee  M, Nouri  Ali, Pimenta  Dominic, Priesemann  V, Rutter  H, Silver  J, Sridhar  D, Swanton  C, Walensky  RP, Yamey  G, Ziauddeen  H. Scientific consensus on the COVID-19 pandemic: we need to act now. Lancet 2020: S0140-6736(20)32153-X

McKee M. Achieving zero covid is not easy, but the alternative is far worse. BMJ 2020;371:m3859

Yates T, Zaccardi F, Razieh C, Gillies CL, Rowlands A, Kloecker DE, Chudasama YV, Davies MJ, Khunti K. Framework to aid analysis and interpretation of on-going COVID-19 research. Preprint from Wellcome Open Res, 04 Sep 2020.DOI: 10.12688/wellcomeopenres.16227.1

Barclay W, Bird W, Brayne C, Brightling C, Chalmers J, Clark T, Clarkson J,Corner J, Cubbon M, De Lusignan S,Dunning J, Field N, Ghani A, Grenfall B, Hayward A, Hort M, Hotopf M, Johnson A, Khunti K et al . Preparing for a challenging winter 2020/21.The Academy of Medical Sciences.14 July 2020.

Nazareth J, Minhas SJ, Jenkins DR, Sahota A, Khunti K, Haldar P, Pareek M. Early lessons from a Second COVID-19 Lockdown in Leicester, UK. Lancet 2020 Jul. 396(10245):e4-e5.Doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(20)31490-2.

Hartmann-Boyce J, Morris E, Goyder C, Kinton J, Perring J, Nunan D, Mahtani K, Buse JB, Del Patro S, Ji L, Roussel R, Khunti K. Diabetes and COVID-19: Risks, Management, and learnings From other National Disasters. Diabetes Care 2020 Aug.43 (8):1695-1703. DOI: 10.2337/dc20-1192.

Tolu Oni, Lisa K. Micklesfield, Pamela Wadende, Charles O. Obonyo, James Woodcock, Ebele R. I. Mogo, Feyisayo A. Odunitan-Wayas, Felix Assah, Lambed Tatah, Louise Foley, Clarisse Mapa-Tassou, Divya Bhagtani, Amy Weimann, Camille Mba, Nigel Unwin, Anna Brugulat-Panés, Karen J. Hofman, Joanne Smith, Marshall Tulloch-Reid, Agnes Erzse, Maylene Shung-King, Estelle V. Lambert & Nicholas J. Wareham (2020) Implications of COVID-19 control measures for diet and physical activity, and lessons for addressing other pandemics facing rapidly urbanising countries, Global Health Action 2020;13:1, DOI: 10.1080/16549716.2020.1810415

Airhihenbuwa C, Iwelunmor J, Munodawafa D, Ford C, Oni T, Agyemang C, et al. Culture Matters in Communicating the Global Response to COVID-19. Prev Chronic Dis 2020;17:200245. DOI:

McKee M, Stuckler D. Scientific divisions on covid-19: not what they might seem. BMJ 2020;371:m4024


Daunizeau, J., Moran, R., Brochard, J., Mattout, J., Frackowiak, R., & Friston, K. (2020). Modelling lockdown-induced secondary COVID waves in France. medRxiv.

Daunizeau, J., Moran, R. J., Mattout, J., & Friston, K. (2020). On the reliability of model-based predictions in the context of the current COVID epidemic event: impact of outbreak peak phase and data paucity. medRxiv.

Friston, K., Costello, A., & Pillay, D. (2020). Dark matter, second waves and epidemiological modelling. medRxiv.

Friston, K. J., Parr, T., Zeidman, P., Razi, A., Flandin, G., Daunizeau, J., . . . Price, C. J. (2020a). Effective immunity and second waves: a dynamic causal modelling study [version 1; peer review: 1 approved, 1 not.

Friston, K. J., Parr, T., Zeidman, P., Razi, A., Flandin, G., Daunizeau, J., . . . Price, C. J. (2020b). Second waves, social distancing, and the spread of COVID-19 across America. arXiv preprint arXiv:2004.13017.

Friston, K. J., Parr, T., Zeidman, P., Razi, A., Flandin, G., Daunizeau, J., . . . Price, C. J. (2020c). Testing and tracking in the UK: A dynamic causal modelling study. Wellcome Open Research, 5(144), 144.

Moran, R. J., Billig, A. J., Cullen, M., Razi, A., Daunizeau, J., Leech, R., & Friston, K. J. (2020). Using the LIST model to Estimate the Effects of Contact Tracing on COVID-19 Endemic Equilibria in England and its Regions. medRxiv.

Moran, R. J., Fagerholm, E. D., Cullen, M., Daunizeau, J., Richardson, M. P., Williams, S., . . . Friston, K. J. (2020). Estimating required’lockdown’cycles before immunity to SARS-CoV-2: model-based analyses of susceptible population sizes,’S0′, in seven European countries, including the UK and Ireland [version 1; peer review: awaiting peer review]. Wellcome Open Research, 5.

Parr, T., Bhat, A., Zeidman, P., Goel, A., Billig, A. J., Moran, R., & Friston, K. J. (2020). Dynamic causal modelling of immune heterogeneity. arXiv preprint arXiv:2009.08411.

Testing and Tracing

Crozier A, Rajan S, McKee M. Fixing England’s COVID-19 response: learning from international experience. J Roy Soc Med 2020: DOI: 10.1177/0141076820965533

Andersson M, Low N, French N, Greenhalgh T, Jeffery K, Brent A, Ball J, Pollock A, McCoy D, Iturriza-Gomara M, Buchan I, Salisbury H, Pillay D, Irving W. Rapid roll out of SARS-CoV-2 antibody testing-a concern. BMJ. 2020 Jun 24;369:m2420.

Rajan S, Cylus J, McKee M. What do countries need to do to implement effective ‘find, test, trace, isolate, support’ systems? J Roy Soc Med 2020; 113: 245-50

International experience

Han E, Tan MMJ, Turk E, Sridhar D, Leung GM, Shibuya K, Asgari N, Oh J, García-Basteiro AL, Hanefeld J, Cook AR, Hsu LY, Teo YY, Heymann D, Clark H, McKee M, Legido-Quigley H. Lessons learnt from easingCOVID-19 restrictions: an analysis of countries in Asia Pacific and Europe. Lancet 2020: S0140-6736(20)32007-9

McKee M. Learning from success: how hasHungary responded to the COVID pandemic? GeroScience 2020:

Han E, Chiou ST, McKee M, Legido-Quigley H. The resilience of Taiwan’s health system to address the COVID-19 pandemic. EClinicalMedicine. 2020 Jun 27:100437.

Oh J, Kavanagh MM, Gottschalk K, Subramanian SV, Shibuya K, Hirschhorn LR, Alonso C, Torres I, Awoonor-Williams K, Minh HV, Bawah AA, Tran H, Kachur SP, Sáenz R, Barrios OA, Kwon S, Nam EW, Choi JW, Lee J-K, McKee M, Gostin LO. Announcement of launching the JGHS Commission on COVID-19 Response. J Global Health Science 2020; 2: e20

Boccia S, Ricciardi W, McKee M, Cascini F. How the Italian NHS is fighting against the COVID-19 emergency. Frontiers Public Health 2020: doi: 10.3389/fpubh.2020.00167

Flear M, de Ruijter A, McKee M. Coronavirus shows how UK must act quickly before being shut out of Europe’s health protection systems. BMJ 2020; 368:m400

Murphy A, Abdi Z, Harirchi I, McKee M, Ahmadnezhad E. Economic sanctions and Iran’s capacity to respond to COVID-19. Lancet PublHealth 2020:

 Legido-Quigley H, Mateos-Garcia JT, Regulez Campos V, Gea-Sanchez M, Muntaner C, McKee M.The resilience of the Spanish health system against the COVID-19 pandemic. Lancet Publ Health 2020:

Wider impacts

Shanks S, Van Schalkwyk MCI, McKee M. Covid-19 exposes the UK’s broken foodsystem. BMJ 2020; 370: m3085

Toffolutti V, McKee M, Stuckler D. Is theCOVID-19 pandemic turning into a European food crisis? Eur J Publ Health 2020; doi:10.1093/eurpub/ckaa101

Douglas M, Katikireddi SV, Taulbut M, McKee M, McCartney G. How can we protect against the wider health impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic response? Social distancing may cause significant adverse effects on health inequalities. BMJ 2020; 369: m1557

Nazareth J, Khunti K, Pareek M. We must rapidly learn lessons from Leicester’s lockdown to prevent further outbreaks. 2020 July 10. (Blog)

Taibat Lawanson, Louise Foley, Felix Assah, Ebele Mogo, Clarisse Mapa-Tassou, Toluwalope Ogunro, Victor Onifade & Tolu Oni (2020) The urban environment and leisure physical activity during the COVID-19 pandemic: a view from Lagos, Cities & Health, DOI: 10.1080/23748834.2020.1806459

Franz Gatzweiler, Bojie Fu, Celine Rozenblat, Huey-Jen Jenny Su, Isaac Luginaah, Jason Corburn, Jo Ivey Boufford, Juan Vela Valdes, Blaise Nguendo-Yongsi, Philippa Howden-Chapman, R. B. Singh, Rachel Cooper, Tolullah Oni & Yong-Guan Zhu (2020) COVID-19 reveals the systemic nature of urban health globally, Cities & Health, DOI: 10.1080/23748834.2020.1763761

COVIDSurg Collaborative. Elective surgery cancellations due to the COVID-19 pandemic: global predictive modelling to inform surgical recovery plans. Br J Surg. 2020 May 12:10.1002/bjs.11746.


Budd J, Miller BS, Manning EM, Lampos V, Zhuang M, Edelstein M, Rees G, Emery VC, Stevens MM, Keegan N, Short MJ, Pillay D, Manley E, Cox IJ, Heymann D, Johnson AM, McKendry RA. Digital technologies in the public-health response to COVID-19. Nat Med. 2020 Aug;26(8):1183-1192.

Sassano M, McKee M, Ricciardi W, BocciaS. Transmission of infections at large sports gatherings: a surprising gap in our knowledge Frontiers Public Health 2020; 7: 277

Kentikelenis A, Gabor D, Ortiz I, Stubbs T, McKeeM, Stuckler D. Softening the blow of the pandemic: will the IMF and WorldBank make things worse? Lancet Global Health 2020:

Demirjian A, Singh C, Tebruegge M, Herbert R, Draz N, Mirfenderesky M, Jones V, Hinstridge P, Seneviratne R, Myers R, Ellis J, Miah S, Meadows CI, Kenny J, Alonso A, Handforth J, Perkins S, Butler M, Blackburn F, Douthwaite S, Pillay D, Chand M, Zambon M. Probable Vertical Transmission of SARS-CoV-2 Infection. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2020 Sep;39(9):e257-e260.

van Tulleken C, Wright C, Brown A, McCoy D, Costello A. Marketing of breastmilk substitutes during the COVID-19 pandemic. Lancet. 2020 Oct 8:S0140-6736(20)32119-X. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(20)32119-X.